(Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization) [Kindle] Ö Richard Miles

  • Hardcover
  • 521
  • Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization
  • Richard Miles
  • English
  • 07 March 2020
  • 9780670022663

Richard Miles ´ 4 characters

Summary ✓ Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook This book is the first full scale history of Carthage in decades The devastating struggle to the death between the Carthaginians and the Romans was one of the defining dramas of the ancient world In an epic series of land and sea battles both sides came close to victory. Until the publication of this excellent book the preeminent text about Carthage was the 1995 volume Carthage A History by the French historian Serge Lancel This an outstanding contribution to the patchy knowledge we have of Carthage has just been eclipsed One might think that part of the reason for this is that Carthage Must Be Destroyed did not need to be translated inevitably there were some places where Lancel s text became unwieldy It s far from that this is a better written easier to follow rounded book than Lancel sMiles begins with the Phoenicians the people who founded Carthage and goes on from there His style is at all times enjoyable and his arguments well presented Apart from the obvious following of Carthage s history he goes into great depth about subjects such as the manner in which Hannibal aped the feats of Hercules in order to show that he had divine backing and how the Romans fought back against this religious propaganda He also explains in depth how from the time of the Second Punic War onwards the Romans made it their business to portray the Carthaginians as untrustworthy perfidious liars and cheats This in turn allowed them to show themselves as heroic and steadfastAnyone who is interested in learning the full well what is known details about Carthage and its history needs to read this book I for one will be returning to it again and again in the future In my opinion leading Lancel s book is also a good idea Another interesting text is Daily Life in Carthage at the Time of Hannibal by the academic Gilbert Charles Picard Although it was written in the 1960s it has some useful information about Carthaginian culture

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Summary ✓ Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook To its apotheosis as the greatest seapower in the Mediterranean And at the heart of the history of Carthage lies the extraordinary figure of Hannibal the scourge of Rome and one of the greatest military leaders but a man who also unwittingly led his people to catastrophe. There s usually a strict segmentation between an archaeologist writing about artifact digs and a revisionist historian reviewing antiue histories written by the winners The few writers who have tried to synthesize such styles Peter Wells Barbarians to Angels for example often succeed only in part because they favor one method over another Miles gets the balance right by being appropriately skeptical of the historical sources on Carthage while still recognizing the value of preserving a linear narrative Miles recognizes the problem of traditional revisionism lionizing the party that traditionally was considered the bad guy He does not consider the Phoenicians the residents of Tyre nor the Carthaginians to be above reproach But he doesn t take the Romans word for anything regarding Carthage In fact he seems to mirror my own view that what Rome has been best at throughout its period as republic as empire and as papacy is lying about everyone else Miles wants to give us Carthage without praise or blame Carthage with all its warts The author moves further by showing us how the legend of HeraclesHercules plays in Carthage culture and how the universal Heracles cult displaced the Punic god of Melart Some readers only familiar with interpretation of narrative history may wonder why gods are considered in discussing Carthage Miles understands an important point There is not a strict division between prehistory and history instead there is a slow shift from oral storytelling traditions loaded with myth and written history that focuses on the acts of real humans separate from gods In analyzing the real world history of Carthage Troy Corinth et al one must be ready to adopt a mixed bag of folklore and fact It s understandable why Miles opened his book with details of the siege of Carthage but this made the book end rather suddenly as he had already told the story of Carthage s final days Should it be changed to a linear story I m not certain that would work better Perhaps he could have given of a story on how Carthage lived again after its people were dispersed throughout North Africa

Summary ï PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ´ Richard Miles

Summary ✓ Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Before the Carthaginians finally succumbed and their capital city history and culture were almost utterly erased Drawing on a wealth of new archaeological research Richard Miles brings to life this lost empire from its origins among the Phoenician settlements of Lebanon. Carthage has always been a background character in my personal narrative of history I vaguely knew it had been there for a few hundred years when its wars with Rome started I loved the story of Cato s Delenda est speeches in the Roman Senate and as a fan of military history I had read a few accounts of Hannibal s amazing victory at Cannae I knew that Dido mythic ueen of Carthage was a major character in Vergil s Aeneid And that was pretty much the extent of itBeyond all that I always had a sense feeling than thought that Carthage was somehow other not a part of the great Graeco Roman Mediterranean civilization that is a direct ancestor of my own There was something alien and vaguely decadent or corrupt about it As it turns out I had succumbed to 2000 year old Roman propaganda This book beautifully lays out the case for the critical role of Carthage and of the Phoenician culture of which it was the last bastion in the broader cultural history of the Mediterranean world Indeed the author had me hooked when in his introduction he uoted a few historians making disparaging remarks about the paucity of lasting Phoenician contributions to nearby civilizations and then rather diffidently pointed out that all of these authors wrote their condemnations in alphabets derived from Phoenician That does rather call the whole small contribution claim into uestion doesn t itThe book does a masterful job of narrating the history of the founding growth trade and cultural relations colonial expansion wars and eventual defeat of Carthage This is a difficult task thanks to the relative lack of primary Carthaginian sources Most of the texts we have that describe Carthage and its colonies were written by its foes and thus rather predictably are often myth and propaganda than fact The author combines careful analysis of those sources with archaeology trade records religious syncretism and a dozen other sources to build solid conjectures about how Carthaginian society worked both in Carthage itself and in its clients and colonies in places like Sicily Sardinia and Spain It s a fascinating picture similar to the Greek trade empire but with intriguing crucial differencesObviously a book like this is going to end up covering the Punic Wars and the Roman destruction of Carthage as its climax and the author does a wonderful job of providing the economic political cultural and personal factors that led to each strategy and to the outcome of each campaign The battle for religious legitimacy between Scipio and Hannibal is absolutely amazing I didn t know that armies conducted hearts and minds campaigns in the 2nd century BCE When the end comes for Carthage it is excruciating even knowing the outlines of what happened I was freshly appalled by the Roman perfidy and cruelty involvedAs a coda the author discusses how later Roman sources used the story of Carthage in different ways either as a warning that the great may always fall or as a proof of Rome s divine destiny to rule I was astonished to learn that Vergil was a bit transgressive in the Aeneid Dido displays all the key Roman virtues of honesty faithfulness and hospitality while Aeneas resorts to lying and sneaking away when he decides that he must fulfill his destiny in Italy I m rather surprised Vergil didn t get in trouble for writing this during the reign of AugustusIn short this book has opened my eyes to a world that was always at the dim edge of my understanding of classical Mediterranean history Read this book and you will find marvels awaiting you